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28315 Applied Colloid and Surface Chemistry

Danish title:

Anvendt kolloid- og grænsefladekemi

Language:

Point( ECTS )

5

Course type:

MSc
Taught under open university
Generel competence course, MSc. Eng., Advanced and Applied Chemistry
Technological specialization course, MSc. Eng., Chemical and Biochemical Engineering
Technological specialization course, MSc. Eng., Petroleum Engineering

Schedule:

E5B (Wed 13-17)

Location:

Campus Lyngby

Scope and form:

Class lectures and group work

Duration of Course:

13 weeks

Date of examination:

F5B, E5B

Type of assessment:

Exam duration:

Aid:

Evaluation:

Previous Course:

91765

Not applicable together with:

Qualified Prerequisites:

,

General course objectives:

This introductory master course presents colloid and surface chemistry. The course deals with important principles and phenomena related to colloid systems and surface chemistry. These subjects are fundamental to the understanding and design of a range of processes like e.g. adhesion, lubrication, cleaning, oil recovery, water and air purification. Furthermore the subjects are essential for the application and design of a number of chemical products like e.g. paint, glue, detergents, cosmetics, drugs and foods. Finally, the course offers understanding of several naturally occurring phenomena like e.g. fog, rain drops, the capillary effect the red sunset, the blue sky and the rainbow, and beer foam.

Learning objectives:

A student who has met the objectives of the course will be able to:
  • evaluate and describe colloidal nano-technological and chemical systems, processes and products
  • use different theories to calculate surface and interfaces tensions and use this to estimate e.g. wetting and other system characteristics
  • identify mechanisms for adhesion between surfaces and materials and use different methods to estimate this
  • describe the most important and fundamental theories in surface chemistry
  • explain micellation of surfactants, know how to measure this and calculate dependencies of salt concentration, system temperature and surfactant chain length
  • compare and understand adsorption in gas-liquid and solid-liquid surfaces and perform quantitative adsorption calculations
  • calculate molar mass and molecular shape of colloid particles and polymers based on experimental data
  • describe the interactions between colloidal particles and identify similarities and differences for the governing molecular forces and interactions
  • explain the most important parameters for the theories of colloidal interaction and perform calculations using the theories
  • describe the conditions for stability of colloidal systems and discuss and compare different mechanisms for stabilization
  • describe mechanisms for stabilization of emulsions and foam, and design emulsions and foam by using various semi-empirical methods

Content:

i. Common presentation of colloidal and surface phenomena
ii. Theories for calculating surface tension (in air), liquid-liquid interfacial tensions as well as interfacial tensions for solid surfaces
iii. Fundamental theory (Young-Laplace, Kelvin equation, Young’s equation for contact angle and Gibbs adsorption theory)
iv. Surfactants – detergents: micellation (critical micellar concentration, CMC) adsorption of surfactants on surfaces
v. Adsorption at gas-liquid, liquid-liquid and solid-liquid surfaces. Langmuir and BET theories
vi. Wetting and adhesion – mechanisms and calculations including Zisman's plot
vii. Kinetic, optical and electric properties of colloidal particles
viii. Experimental metods for characterising colloidal particles – estimation and measurement of structure, size and shape
ix. Intermolecular og interparticle forces: van der Waals and double-layer forces (zeta potential, Debye thickness, Hamaker constant)
x. Stability of colloidal systems. DLVO theory and steric stabilization
xi. Emulsions and foam, (HLB, Bankroft-rule, etc.)

Remarks:

The course is recommended together with the January course 28316, which is the experimental "hands-on" equivalent to this course.

Green challenge participation:

Please contact the teacher for information on whether this course gives the student the opportunity to prepare a project that may participate in DTU´s Study Conference on sustainability, climate technology, and the environment (GRØN DYST). More infor http://www.groendyst.dtu.dk/english

Responsible:

Georgios Kontogeorgis , Building 229, Ph. (+45) 4525 2859 , gk@kt.dtu.dk
Søren Kiil , Building 229, Ph. (+45) 4525 2827 , SK@kt.dtu.dk

Department:

28 Department of Chemical Engineering

Registration Sign up:

At CampusNet
Last updated: 24. april, 2014