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27002 Life Science

NG course

Danish title:



Point( ECTS )


Course type:

Taught under single-course student


E1B (Thurs 13-17)
For Spring semester we refer to 27008.


Campus Lyngby

Scope and form:

Lectures and group exercises once a week. It is mandatory to complete two tests during the semester to be allowed to participate in the exam.

Duration of Course:

13 weeks

Date of examination:


Type of assessment:

Exam duration:



Not applicable together with:

General course objectives:

The students should based on the cell acquire a basic understanding of biological processes, which are used in the industry. Consequently, the students will acquire knowledge about the cell structure, their biological functions, biochemical and molecular biological processes together with biotechnological processes. With this background the students should be able to discuss present biotechnological problems.

Learning objectives:

A student who has met the objectives of the course will be able to:
  • Describe the spatial, logistic, and structural organization of the living cell as well as the overall mechanisms and chemical structures behind its function.
  • Explain how enzymes catalyse chemical reactions and how the overall structure and composition of proteins determines their function.
  • Interpret results showing the effect of substrate concentration, pH and temperature on enzyme activities, and give examples of how both enzyme activities and metabolic pathways are regulated.
  • Explain how cells oxidize glucose and use the released energy to generate ATP, and calculate the yield of ATP from oxidation of glucose via cellular respiration as well as by breakdown by fermentation.
  • Account for the antiparallel double helical structure of DNA and the chromosomal organization in pro- and eukaryotes.
  • Describe the mechanisms for bacterial cell division and eukaryotic mitosis and meiosis and suggest how failures in the two later processes might lead to particular geno- or phenotypes.
  • Describe the Central Dogma of Molecular Biology including replication, transcription and translation, and use the principles along with the Genetic Code to translate a DNA sequence with or without mutations to the corresponding amino acid sequence.
  • Describe how gene expression is regulated in pro- and eukaryotes emphasizing the many different levels this can be achieved on.
  • Account for the mechanisms for interbacterial transfer of genetic material and how a virus reproduces itself by the use of the host reproductive system.
  • Master the basal terms in Mendelian genetics and apply the principles for deducing the geno- and phenotype frequencies of the progeny of mono- and dihybride crosses.
  • Set up strategies for manipulating living cells using recombinant DNA technology.
  • Suggest appropriate biotechnological tests for examining a particular biological question and interpret the outcome of the tests.


The cell as basic biological unit: structure, function, metabolism, growth, reproduction, heredity and biodiversity. The theory covers: structure of amino acids and proteins, nucleotides and nucleic acids, carbohydrates and lipids. Enzymes: structure, reactions, inhibition. Dynamic biochemistry: cata- and anabolism together with regulation of metabolism, redox processes and energy metabolism. Synthesis of macromolecules of information: DNA and RNA, protein. Regulation of activities in the cell e.g. synthesis of macromolecules, responses to external stimuli. Mutation and mutagenesis. Genetic processes in pro- and eukaryotes. Gene technology. Examples will be given where basic biological definitions are used in present and future biotechnology.


Textbook: Sadava et al.: Life. The Science of Biology, 10. ed., vol. I, The Cell and Heredity.

A self-evaluation test in the curriculum of Life Science will be available at semester start for students interested. If the student shows extensive knowledge of the course material it may be considered to change course in consultation with the teachers.

Green challenge participation:

Please contact the teacher for information on whether this course gives the student the opportunity to prepare a project that may participate in DTU´s Study Conference on sustainability, climate technology, and the environment (GRØN DYST). More infor http://www.groendyst.dtu.dk/english


Kirstine González-Izarzugaza Belling , Lyngby Campus, Building 208, Ph. (+45) 4525 2489 , belling@cbs.dtu.dk
Jose Maria Gonzalez-Izarzugaza , Lyngby Campus, Building 208, Ph. (+45) 4525 2472 , txema@cbs.dtu.dk
Aron Charles Eklund , eklund@cbs.dtu.dk


27 Department of Systems Biology

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Last updated: 04. maj, 2016